Cleaning at the Dentist : When your dental professional refers to deep cleaning treatment, you often struggle with gum diseases or infections. Gums disease occurs when you don’t have good dental habits, such as brushing and flossing your teeth at least twice a day. And plaque buildup doesn’t remove from your teeth. Over time, plaque buildup turns into tarter and hence cavities and infectious diseases to your teeth and gums. Another common term for deep cleaning is dental scaling of your teeth.